24/05/2023 · Angel Aedo, Oriana Bernasconi, Damián Martínez, Alicia Olivari, Fernando Pairican

Introduction: Widening the Space of Politics

South Atlantic Quarterly (advance publication)

This dossier proposes to explore the uprising as a critical event provoking unprecedented processes of political subjectivation and opening the field of action and influence to subjects who had been kept on the margins of the construction of history. This introduction begins by describing the social uprising that occurred in Chile in 2019, the largest cycle of protests since the end of the Pinochet era.

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23/05/2023 · Carla Alberti, Juan Pablo Luna

The long memory of the land: Pre-colonial origins of Mapuche mobilization in Chile

Political Geography

We aim to explain the long-term territorial patterns of conflict across Mapuche communities in southern Chile. The Mapuche indigenous people have resisted external invasions by colonial settlers and the Chilean state for about five centuries. However, not all Mapuche communities have mobilized for their demands. While conflict between communities and external invaders has been a historical constant in certain areas, in others, Mapuche communities have remained largely passive. We explain subnational patterns of Mapuche mobilization by identifying path-dependent sequences –that range between conflictive and passive– that trace back to the social complexity of pre-colonial societies.

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11/05/2023 · Juan Pablo Luna

Globalization & The Challenging Political Economy of Governing (and Researching) Islands in Contemporary Times

Springer eBooks

Island territories are geopolitically diverse. Some powerful countries in the international arena are islands (e.g., Australia, New Zeeland, or the United Kingdom). Many other islands are tiny and powerless. While some islands are independent nation-states, others make part as provinces of a larger country. Furthermore, those provinces can be governed as any other province or through a special regime.

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05/05/2023 · Juan Pablo Luna

Uneven States, Unequal Societies, and Democracy’s Unfulfilled Promises: Citizenship Rights in Chile and Contemporary Latin America

Latin American Politics and Society

In contemporary Latin America, deep-seated social discontent with political elites and institutions has been, paradoxically, the counterpart of democratic stability and resilience. This paradox suggests that scholarly assessments of democracy are, at least partially, at odds with citizens’ own views of democracy. This article thus develops a framework to describe citizens’ everyday experience with civil, political, and social entitlements associated with democracy.

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25/04/2023 · Fernando Pairican

Intergroup relations affect depressive symptoms of indigenous people: Longitudinal evidence

European Journal of Social Psychology

One thousand eight hundred thirty-five individuals who self-identified as Indigenous participated in a two-wave longitudinal survey conducted in Chile with an 18 months lag. This was an approximately nationally representative sample of residents from culturally diverse communities. The aim of the study was to identify protective and adverse factors that are related to the development of depressive symptoms in Indigenous people.

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07/04/2023 · Marjorie Murray

More than mothers: intimacies and affection in low-income women in Chile

Families and Relationships and Societies

Based on three case studies, in this article, we reflect on urban low-income women’s sense of and desire for intimacy that exceeds but does not exclude their maternal self. We present our findings based on three heuristic aspects of intimacy: rooted strategies for a renovated desire for intimacy; the desire to enjoy; and life outside the house and the desire for meaningful relations

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23/03/2023 · Fernando Pairican

The “Buried Mirror”: History and Chile’s New Constitution

Public History Weekly

The recent process to draft a new constitution in Chile debated the notion of nation in a country that has been reticent to problematize it. This debate is prevalent in Latin America, and dates from the independence wars in the nineteenth century, going through the different national projects up to the twenty first century.

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21/03/2023 · Angel Aedo, Oriana Bernasconi, Damián Martínez, Alicia Olivari, Fernando Pairican

Multitude and memory in the Chilean Social Uprising

South Atlantic Quarterly

Between October 2019 and March 2020 Chile experienced the most massive and heavily repressed cycle of social protests in its post‐dictatorship (1973–90) history. This essay explores the social uprising as a critical event of political subjectivation through the story of Ricardo, an ordinary young medical technician with no background of political affiliation who fully immersed himself in the forefront of confrontation with the police in the ground zero protest zone while also providing first‐aid assistance to those injured.

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01/02/2023 · Pilar Larroulet

From prison to work? Job-crime patterns for women in a precarious labor market

Social Science Research

Finding and retaining a job is one of the most challenging problems women confront after being released from prison. Given the dynamic and fluid interactions between legal and illegal work, we argue that to better identify and describe job trajectories after release, we must simultaneously consider disparities in work types and offending behavior.

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27/02/2023 ·

Love the world, love our loved ones: Personal and public experience of political disappearance in Chile

Violence: An International Journal

This article presents an empirical and theoretical analysis of the relationship between the experience of a loved one’s political disappearance at a personal level and as a public and political problem in Chile. It discusses two ways of generalizing disappearance into a problem that goes beyond those directly involved or affected.

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08/01/2023 · Carla Alberti

Indigenous autonomy and Latin American state security in contexts of criminal violence: the cases of Cauca in Colombia and Guerrero in Mexico

Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies

In this research note, we examine the Cauca region of southwestern Colombia and the southwestern Mexican state of Guerrero. We suggest that state security motives may help explain variation in outcomes between these two cases and that more attention needs to be paid to Indigenous autonomy in the context of narco wars and criminal violence.

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15/12/2022 · José Manuel Fernández

La responsabilidad por actuaciones colectivas: una propuesta bratmaniana

Cuadernos Electrónicos de Filosofía del Derecho

Este artículo argumenta que las actuaciones colectivas, según el modelo de Bratman, pueden entenderse como intenciones compartidas que conducen a una actividad compartida. La investigación concluye mostrando que este modelo puede responder precisamente a qué es una actuación colectiva y cómo los juicios de responsabilidad simétrica dependen de su satisfacción.

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03/01/2023 · Marcela Cornejo

Researching with Qualitative Methodologies in the Time of Coronavirus: Clues and Challenges

International Journal of Qualitative Methods

In late 2020 and the first semester of 2021, in Santiago de Chile, five women researchers who work with qualitative methodologies, based on their reflections on how the context of the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted on their doctoral research or their role as thesis advisors, conducted a reflective exploration of the conditions and challenges for qualitative research amid a global crisis.

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29/12/2022 · Hugo Rojas, Salvador Millaleo

Transitional Justice in Established Democracies: Analysis of the Canadian, South African, and Chilean experiences

Latin American Legal Studies

In the last four decades, theories and mechanisms of transitional justice have been formulated and implemented in numerous countries, forming an interdisciplinary theoretical and practical corpus. This paper proposes to expand the scope of transitional justice so that it can be applied in stable democracies.

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16/11/2022 · Alicia Olivari

La juventud y el pasado reciente de Chile. La (des)politización como política de memoria cotidiana

Psicologia & Sociedade

Las políticas de memoria han sido estudiadas desde las ciencias sociales principalmente en ámbitos institucionales, siendo escaso su abordaje desde la cotidianidad. Este artículo contribuye a ello presentando resultados de una investigación que buscó comprender la construcción de memorias del pasado reciente de Chile (1970-1990) y sus efectos políticos desde la cotidianidad de jóvenes.

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19/12/2022 · Hugo Rojas

El Caso Andrés Pereira Salsberg: La Presencia de la Ausencia de las Desapariciones Forzadas

Revista Austral de Ciencias Sociales

Este artículo analiza el caso de Andrés Pereira Salsberg, describiendo los obstáculos y dificultades de la larga y compleja búsqueda de sus familiares. Las numerosas acciones ante los tribunales iniciadas en 1973, concluyeron con la sentencia condenatoria de la Corte Suprema el 14 de junio de 2022.

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17/12/2023 · Alejandra Luneke, Helene Risør, Wladimir Martínez

Policía militarizada en Chile: claves para comprender la violencia policial estatal en la relación al conflicto mapuche

Anuari del Conflicte Social

Una arista poco problematizada respecto a la "militarización de La Araucanía" se refiere a la estructura institucional y el carácter militar de Carabineros. En este artículo planteamos que la labor policial descansa sobre una tradición militarizada en la institución y esta herencia dificulta una relación protectora con la ciudadanía y también la solución al conflicto desde una perspectiva intercultural.

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01/12/2022 · Rodrigo Mardones

Educación ciudadana y enseñanza católica: La fraternidad como desiderátum

Ediciones UC

Este libro presenta un conjunto de investigaciones presentadas como capítulos sobre el tema de la Educación Católica y la Formación Ciudadana, procurando entender en qué consiste el aporte y los desafíos específicos que las escuelas y universidades católicas tienen respecto de la educación ciudadana, vis-à-vis las escuelas y universidades laicas.

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01/12/2022 · Marjorie Murray

Ways of Not-Knowing in Neoliberal Chile

Social Anthropology

We point out that anthropology has been ill-equipped to deal with these ineffable margins, and point to conceptual arches which could be used transversally in what we call a ‘dark anthropology’. The two fields in question here are the ufological ‘absurd’ and early mothering experiences among low-income communities. What both have in common is that they defy anthropological figure-ground logics, where experiences are explained via their social contexts

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01/12/2022 · Hugo Rojas

Guía práctica para el uso de documentos de archivo en la declaración de Ex Centros de Detención Política y Tortura como Monumento Histórico en Chile

Programa Interdisciplinar de Investigación en Memoria y Derechos Humanos UAH

El objetivo de este Documento de Trabajo es ofrecer herramientas metodológicas y prácticas a las organizaciones y colectivos que se encuentran gestionando –o que tienen interés en gestionar– el proceso de recuperación de ex centros de detención política y tortura. Este documento se concentra en uno de los hitos de ese proceso de construcción social de la memoria, que consiste la obtención de la protección de esos espacios como bienes patrimoniales a través de su declaración como Monumentos Históricos por el Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales (CMN).

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01/12/2023 · Joaquín Rozas Bugueño

¿Por dónde crece la movilización social? Análisis de los nuevos manifestantes de la revuelta social chilena de octubre de 2019

Revista Chilena de Derecho y Ciencia Política

En octubre de 2019, Chile experimentó las movilizaciones sociales más importantes desde la vuelta a la democracia en 1990. El objetivo del artículo es caracterizar y discutir el perfil de los nuevos manifestantes de la revuelta social. Para abordar este objetivo analizamos los datos de la encuesta “Zona Cero” del Núcleo de Sociología Contingente, estimando modelos de probabilidad lineal para predecir la baja o nula participación en protestas de los últimos 10 años de un segmento relevante de manifestantes de la revuelta.

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25/11/2022 · Carla Alberti

Fiscal Origins of Subnational Democracy: Evidence from Argentina

Politics & Society

We claim that as provincial fiscal institutions decentralize fiscal rents from the province to municipalities, they empower mayors to challenge governors. Conversely, as these institutions centralize rents at the province, they empower governors and weaken opposition from below.

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18/11/2022 · Oriana Bernasconi, Paola Díaz-Lizé

Factualize and commensurate human rights violations and organized violence

Tapuya: Latin American Science, Technology and Society

In the following, we briefly outline this background that serves as a basis for introducing the two processes we proposed to explore in this Cluster: factualization and commensuration of human rights violations and violence. Analyzing what this Cluster was able to encompass, we will end this introduction with a reflection on the lines of research, themes, and problems that remain as future challenges.

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31/10/2022 · Paola Díaz-Lizé

Death and disappearance at border crossings: factualization devices and truth(s) accounts

Tapuya: Latin American Science, Technology and Society

In this article, we analyze three forensic and counter-forensic devices that go beyond the strictly medico-legal realm to show which concrete practices and truth-spots contribute to (re)constructing a public account of migrant deaths and disappearances along border zones.

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12/09/2022 · Carla Alberti

Can political alignment reduce crime? Evidence from Chile

Political Science Research and Methods

This article drawing on rich administrative data from Chile and a regression discontinuity design in close electoral races, we study the impact of alignment on a broad set of crimes against the person and property-related. We show that aligned municipalities experience a significant reduction in crimes that both affect property and occur in public. As a potential mechanism, we find that aligned municipalities receive more projects to improve urban infrastructure, thus making public spaces less vulnerable to crime.

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